What Is Plasma Cutter? Science Explain

What Is Plasma Cutter? Science Explain

Plasma cutters are so accessible and easy to use that we take the science behind them for granted. So, what is plasma, really?

Most of us learned in high school that there are three states of matter and as energy is applied to a substance it changes state from a solid to a liquid, to a gas. Well, that’s not where the story ends.

We have multiple lines of durable plasma cutters, Speak to one of our experienced staff members to see which one is right for you.Here is a popular one.

What Is Plasma? Science Explain


1. Multi-process welder for MMA、HF-TIG、MIG/MAG, Gasless flux cored wire welding and CUT.

2. Full digital control system, welding parameters can be adjusted independently; Stable arc output, superior welding quality.

3. With HF TIG arc starting, allows to strike the arc easly with high frequency and make it easy to estabish an arc under a vaiety of conditions.

4. SPL MIG and SYN MIG can meet the needs of different users and more simple to operate.

5. VRD function, guarantees operation safety.

6. Max 15mm Cutting thickness.

7. Capable of cutting and welding various metals.

8. Operation safety protection against over-voltage,low-voltage, over-current and over-heated.

If a gas becomes superheated, the fourth state of matter (plasma) can occur. When this happens, electrons become stripped from protons and atoms forming an ionized gas and become free.

This allows plasma the potential to become electrically charged. Plasma will also produce and respond to magnetic fields.

These properties of plasma make it very powerful, but also very controllable.
Despite being relatively unknown and misunderstood by most of us, plasma is actually very common. How common? 99.9% of all mass in the universe is plasma.

It’s everywhere.

As a matter of fact, Earth is one of only a handful of known planets where the other three states of matter even exist.

A lightning bolt is a large and powerful atmospheric electrostatic discharge that produces around a gigajoule of energy. That’s about enough to power the average US home for 9 days!

Lightning is visible in the form of radiant heat created through the rapid disposition of electrons in the atmosphere.

Most stars are formed entirely of plasma. They are so hot that atomic bonds will not hold, and molecules remain ionized.

Stars are the most powerful known examples of plasma, with the ability to project heat energy and electromagnetic radiation for hundreds of millions of miles!

Neon and fluorescent light bulbs use a gas sealed inside a tube or coil which is excited by the introduction of alternating current to emit light. If a strong enough electromagnetic field is present, these bulbs can even be illuminated without being plugged in!

Plasma TVs have largely been replaced by newer LED models, but they were the pinnacle of picture quality in the early 2000s. They work by using a series of tiny red, green, and blue light cells which are essentially tiny plasma spheres.

While still not fully understood, it is generally accepted that the Northern Lights are caused by solar winds carrying energy that interact with the magnetic field found near the North Pole of Earth. This ionizes atmospheric gas and creates a beautifully colored plasma that is visible for hundreds of miles.

St. Elmo’s fire is named after Saint Erasmus of Formia (a.k.a. Saint Elmo), the patron saint of sailors. It is a natural phenomenon when a tapered protrusion (often from a ship’s mast) reacts with nitrogen in the atmosphere under a very specific set of conditions to create a small blue corona of plasma.

Many of us have seen this toy as children without actually realizing what it was. A plasma globe is a glass sphere filled with various noble gases which has a high-voltage electrode placed conspicuously in the center.

When voltage is applied, the gases become excited and electrical filaments form amidst the plasma between the electrode and the outer glass insulator. It was invented by none other than Nikola Tesla, who called it an “inert gas discharge tube”.


If you are standing on the ground and touch one with your bare hand, the filament will become attracted.

Although lightsaber science has a foundation in the Star Wars universe and not our own, according to Wookieepedia a lightsaber consists of a plasma blade emitted by a kyber crystal.

Plasma cutting torches use the plasma to conduct an electrical arc from an emitter to the workpiece where it transfers massive amounts of heat energy to a precise point to melt the material being cut. The plasma is typically swirled to create stability, just as a quarterback would throw a football.

Think of a lightning bolt inside a tornado, all placed conveniently in the palm of your hand and ready to melt metal at the push of a button.

For more information on plasma cutting, take a look at Perfect Power plasma cutting products.